Eastern Kosova - ALBANIAN PLATFORM - Albanian History & Culture

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Eastern Kosova - ALBANIAN PLATFORM

Eastern Kosova - ALBANIAN PLATFORM

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ne: 13-04-2006, 22:07:12
THE ALBANIAN DELEGATION FROM PRESHEVA, MEDVEGJA, AND BUJANOVAC

 
PLATFORM

I

 

All conflicts can and should be resolved in a political way and through negotiations.

 

II

 

The dialogue should begin as soon as possible and without conditions. The Albanian negotiating team will consist of UCPMB representatives as the team's leaders and representatives of Albanian political bodies.

 

III

 

The negotiations should be held in a third location [neither in Serbia proper nor in the Presheva Valley] and with mediation by international factors, such as the U.S. government and the United Nations.

 

IV

 

Beginning with the first day of dialogue, both parties should cease military actions.

 

V

 

One of the credible international bodies, such as the UN or NATO, should guarantee the implementation of the agreement.

 

VI

 

Solutions cannot be found that are based on the concept of returning to the status quo. Political solutions cannot be found and the judicial-constitutional position of Presheva Valley Albanians cannot be resolved within the existing Serbian institutional and legal framework.

 

VII

The negotiations should proceed according to the principle of not excluding any solutions, as well as on the basis of established international principles.

-3-

 

 

VIII

 

The purpose of the negotiations is to protect the individual and collective rights of citizens, to preserve their ethnic territories, and to find political solutions that will solve the crisis in just and lasting manner.

 

The protection and guarantee of Albanians'basic individual and national rights and freedoms shall be carried out in accordance with the relevant international documents:

 

   1. The United Nations Charter
   2. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
   3. The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
   4. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

 

The starting points for the evaluation of the Albanian situation in Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac, and which are important for negotiations, are:

   1. The region of Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac is an integral part of the ethnic Albanian linguistic, cultural, and territorial continuum that has been divided against the will of the people.
   2. The Albanians in the Presheva Valley are living in their ethnic, historical lands, where they are the majority.
   3. The constitutional, administrative annexation of the region by Serbia from Kosova, as ratified by the Serbian Constitutions of 1947, 1963, and 1974, resulted in harsh consequences for the Albanian population.
   4. The systematic Serb repression of the Albanians of Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac significantly increased after the dissolution of the Former Republic of Yugoslavia in 1990 and especially after the approval of the Serbian constitution in 1992, which produced laws that institutionalized discrimination and repression against Albanians, denying them their political, social, economic, and cultural rights.
   5. The Albanian situation in Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac worsened during the war in Kosova in 1998-1999. Extreme repression followed the withdrawal of Serbian troops from Kosova, the greater part of which then entered the Presheva Valley. Among the troops were individuals who committed atrocities and massacres in Kosova and some who were indicted by the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. The transfer of these troops to the Presheva Valley clearly indicates that the ethnic cleansing of this region is the ultimate goal.
   6. The recent political changes in Serbia have not improved the situation in the Presheva Valley.

-4-

 

In order to reach an acceptable and lasting peace in the three municipalities, the Albanian negotiating team makes the following proposals:

   1. The territory of Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac should be placed under international administration, which involves recognizing these municipalities as a territorial and political entity.
   2. The region should be demilitarized by withdrawing the Serb forces and placing UCPMB under international supervision.
   3. The international factor should take responsibility for establishing order and security in the Presheva Valley for all citizens, regardless of their nationality.
   4. The international factor should establish a judicial system, police force, and other municipal bodies.
   5. The region should continue under international administration until the final status

      is determined.
   6. Final status should be determined only after a democratic society is established, at which time the people should be given the right to self-determination.

 

As a precondition for the establishment of a lasting solution to the crisis in Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac, the Albanian delegation believes that both sides must take the following measures:

   1. Local law enforcement should be established according to the national structure of the population and with the assistance of the international factor, including training by international police forces.
   2. The demilitarization of the region and the implementation of the agreement should be monitored by international armed forces.
   3. The return of residents who were expelled from their homes should be carried out without time limitations and with full protection under the supervision of international humanitarian organizations. The return should be followed by compensation for the material damage done to private property by the State.

      In addition to general rights, Albanians should also have the following, legitimate rights as part of a package of national rights that cannot be overturned by a majority vote of the parliament.
         1. Culture and Education

   1. The right to education in their native, Albanian language, at the levels and in the fields that are deemed appropriate according to need
   2. The right to develop curricula and textbooks, as well as the right to incorporate into the educational system Albanian history, language, culture, and tradition
   3. The right to engage in cultural and educational cooperation with Kosova
   4. The right to establish educational and cultural institutions and associations
   5. The right to recognize diplomas earned at various universities

    -5-

         1. Language

   1. The official and equal use of the Albanian language in written and spoken discourse in public communications, at all levels of the judiciary and the local administration, in geographic names, in the naming of municipal bodies, departments, institutions, schools, and in the publication of official documents.
   2. The right to inform citizens in the Albanian language through the media
         3. Administration and the Judiciary

 

   1. The number of Albanian representatives in local and regional administrative bodies should be proportionally larger than the representation by the minority Serbian population in the region.
   2. The number of Albanian representatives in law enforcement should be proportionally larger than the representation by the minority Serbian population in the region.
   3. The number of Albanian representatives in the judicial system should be proportionally larger than the representation by the minority Serbian population in the region.

         3. The right to free use of national symbols and the right to national holidays
         4. The right to cooperate with Kosova

            The Albanians of the Presheva Valley should have an unrestricted right to cooperate with Kosova. The institutions of Kosova will assist Albanians in the Presheva Valley to protect and develop their ethnic and cultural identity through: a) a joint council for educational curricula in Albanian schools in the Presheva Valley, and b) a joint council for the preservation and development of Albanian cultural and religious monuments.
         5. Religious Rights

   1. Albanian religious monuments should be put under domestic and international protection.
   2. The Islamic Association of Kosova should be responsible for Islamic religious monuments in the Presheva Valley.

 

         3. Financial Rights

   1. The distribution of income at the municipal and regional levels should not

    discriminate against Albanians.

    -6-

    2. The right to free trade and economic development

    --The right to designate the region of Presheva, Medvegja, and Bujanovac as a

    free trade zone

    --The right to use natural resources at the regional level

    --The right to organize an international donors'conference for the economic

    revitalization of the region

         3. The establishment of a permanent EUMM
         4. The appointment of an ombudsman to monitor the establishment of these rights



The Negotiating Team of the Presheva Valley

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