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The King of Albania

The King of Albania

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ne: 28-09-2004, 18:30:02
 

King Zog (October 8 1895 - April 9 1961) was an Albanian politician and the first king of Albania from 1928-1939. Ahmed Bey Zogu was born in Castle Burgajet, to Xhemal Pasha Zogu and Sadije Toptani. His original last name was Zogolli. During the First World War, when various armies marched through Albania, Zogu sided with Austria-Hungary
A geographical area in central and eastern Europe; broken into separate countries at the end of World War IAustria-Hungary, a break with the Albanian tradition, which has been mostly on the side of either Eastern Europeans or Ottomans.

Zogu held various ministerial posts in the fledgling Albanian government that began in 1920. His power base was composed of southern feudal landowners, called Quick Facts about: bey
The governor of a district or province in the Ottoman Empirebeys (A Turkish title for village chieftain) and leaders from noble families of the north, as well as merchants, industrialists and intellectuals. Zogu became a leader of a reformist Popular Party and a Quick Facts about: prime minister
The person who holds the position of head of state in Englandprime minister of the republican government. In 1923 he was shot and wounded in parliament. His main rivalry came from the leftists that included bourgeoisie, socialists, and communists led by Quick Facts about: Luigj Gurakuqi
Quick Summary not found for this subjectLuigj Gurakuqi and Quick Facts about: Fan S. Noli
Quick Summary not found for this subjectFan S. Noli.

The leftist revolt and the eventual capture of the government led by Noli forced Zogu into exile in June 1924. He returned to Albania with the assistance of Quick Facts about: Yugoslavia
A mountainous republic in southeastern EuropeYugoslavia-based Quick Facts about: Russian
A native or inhabitant of RussiaRussian troops sent by the Quick Facts about: Tsar
A male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)Tsar, who wanted to overthrow Noli since he had recognized the communist regime of the Quick Facts about: Soviet Union
A former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia an others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991Soviet Union.

February 1, 1925 he became a Quick Facts about: president
The chief executive of a republicpresident of a similarly newly-proclaimed Quick Facts about: republic
A form of government whose head of state is not a monarchrepublic. Although difficult to conceieve such a thing after 500 years of Ottoman Quick Facts about: colonization
The act of colonizing; the establishment of coloniescolonizatio n and when the whole Tosk Albania had applied the Arab-Turkish social structure where villages were semi-slave planatations run by Bey (Chieftan), Zogu's government was modeled after the Western kingdoms. He went as far as to forbid the muslims to cover their face (a muslim himself) and arrested people for beating up animals. His main partner was Italy. In fact Italy had a free hand over Albania's many matters due the expertise and money they provided, both of which the newly formed Albanian government needed so much.

Even today in Albania various social and ethnic groups are played against each other - something that at Zog's time was quite normal. However, he handled the country very well. The society enjoyed relative peace and prosperity. The Beys of the south ended their semi-slaveryand the northerners who had refused to be part of the Ottoman Empire social structure began to settle in the Middle Albania cities. Albania began to take its shape as a nation for the first time since the death of Skenderbeu.

On September 1, 1928 Zogu declared Albania to be a Quick Facts about: monarchy
An autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authoritymonarchy and proclaimed himself King Zog. However, his regime was a Quick Facts about: constitutional monarchy
Quick Summary not found for this subjectconstitution al monarchy. His rule seemed to share many of the characteristics of the Italian monarchial government, with a strong police force, which the country needed in its first independent government after 500 years. He also instituted a Zogist Quick Facts about: salute
A formal military gesture of respectsalute -- flat hand over heart with palm facing forwards. He claimed to be a successor of Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg. He collected gold coins and other precious jewelry and compensated the people with printed or stamped money by establishing the first official currency of Albania. Expenses of his household amounted to 2% of the total national budget, which was still much less than other Quick Facts about: European
A native or inhabitant of EuropeEuropean courts spent. Other European monarchs primarily ignored him.

Zog's regime brought a semblance of stability in Albania. He worked to crush brigands and institute an Quick Facts about: education
The activities of educating or instructing or teaching; activities that impart knowledge or skilleducation system. Naturally the country's dependence on Italy was increased as they were the main lenders. Unfortuantely, Quick Facts about: Mussolini
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)Mussolini did not have any plans for the Albanian King to last long (nothing personal). Mussolini made Albania his link to Quick Facts about: Balkans
The major mountain range of Bulgaria and the Balkan PeninsulaBalkans and began to control Albania's finances and army. In 1932, Zog tried to resist his influence but failed miserably. When depression grew bleaker, Albania had to import grain from abroad and many Albanians emigrated.

In April 1938, the Albanian King Zog (raised muslim) married a Quick Facts about: Catholic
A member of a Catholic churchCatholic, Quick Facts about: Countess Geraldine Apponyi de Nagy-Apponyi
Quick Summary not found for this subjectCountess Geraldine Apponyi de Nagy-Apponyi, who was half Quick Facts about: Hungarian
A native or inhabitant of HungaryHungarian and half Quick Facts about: American
A native or inhabitant of the United StatesAmerican. Their only son, Quick Facts about: Leka Zogu
Quick Summary not found for this subjectLeka Zogu, was born April 5, 1939.

Two days later, in April 7, 1939, Italian troops entered Albania. Mussolini turned the country into a Quick Facts about: protectorate
A state or territory partly controlled by (but not a possession of) a stronger state but autonomous in internal affairs; protectorates are established by treatyprotectorate under the rule of Italy's king Victor Emmanuel III and forced Zog into exile. He moved first to Quick Facts about: Greece
A republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive oilGreece and then to Quick Facts about: Britain
A monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern IrelandBritain. During World War Two, the northern Albanian resistance groups that were officially royalist were not particularly successful. In fact Albania did not resist the Fascists until they were somehow incorporated into the Eastern European communist movement through Yugoslavian militants. Most of the communists of Albania have their roots in the semi-slave population of the South. After 1942, the truly democratic forces from North and South dominated Albanian social and Political life. They knew they could not fight the Germans or the Italians, so they co-existed with them. However, they ignored the poorly dressed and the uneducated partisans that were growing especially among the villagers of the south and the half-educated Albanians. Those would be the ones that would shut the monarchy and the democracy after WWII.

After the war, Zog's attempt to reclaim the throne was stymied by Quick Facts about: Enver Hoxha
Quick Summary not found for this subjectEnver Hoxha's Quick Facts about: communists
A socialist who advocates communismcommunists, who exercised a Stalinist type of government over Albanians for 45 years . The King abdicated officially in January 2, 1946 although he did not abandon his claim to the throne. He died in Suresnes, Quick Facts about: France
A republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in EuropeFrance on April 9, 1961. Queen Geraldine died in 2002.

After the fall of communist regime, Zog's son, Leka Zogu (from 1961 self-styled Leka I, King of the Albanians) returned to Albania in 1997. The government of Sali Berisha forbode Leka Zog to enter Albania, something that many Albanians supported seeing the monarchy too similar with the communist regime of the past. However, Leka Zogu is now in Albania and is trying to establish himself as one of the political leaders of the country. The failure of the Socialists (the sweetened communist party) to create jobs, to fight prostitution and drugs in the South and vendetta in the North has made Leka Zogu an attractive alternative for many people, especially those who believe the Socialist government to be a bunch of mafiozi with no desire or expertize in running a country.

Zog I was the first Quick Facts about: monarch
Large migratory American butterfly having deep orange wings with black and white markings; the larvae feed on milkweedmonarch of the nation. Quick Facts about: Prince
A male member of a royal family other than the sovereign (especially the son of a sovereign)Prince Quick Facts about: William of Wied
Quick Summary not found for this subjectWilliam of Wied had officially run Albania for six months but nobody paid any attention to him, so he left.


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Leka Zogu (born April 5, 1939), by monarchists called King Leka I, is the only son of King Zog I and Queen Geraldine. Two days after his birth in Tirana, his father was forced into exile, and soon officially replaced on the throne by Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Leka was appointed heir apparent of the Albanian throne in 1957. Since the end of World War II, Albania has been a republic, but since 1961 Leka has nevertheless titled himself King of the Albanians (originally proclaimed at the Albanian National Assembly in a Paris exile). He also titles himself sovereign Grand Master of the Orders of Scanderbeg, Fidelty and Bravery.

A referendum in 1997 to return the monarchy was not passed, but some Albanians still see him as their king.

He was married in 1975 in France to Australian Susan Cullen-Ward, subsequently by monarchists called Queen of the Albanians. She died on 17 July 2004.

He has one son, Leka Anwar Zog Reza Baudouin Msiziwe.



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« Editimi i fundit: 21-10-2020, 13:05:12 nga M A X »

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#1 ne: 19-01-2005, 17:39:01

Solis: Po akoma nuk e di qe Shqiperia seshte mbreteri dhe Leka Zogu s`ka qene asnje here mbret i shqiptarve?
Babai i tij Ahmet Zogu ka qene i ashtu quajtur mbret(sepse ishte i vetshpallur) per disa vjet deri sa ja shiti Shqiperine Italise dhe per vete ja mbathi si ata hajdutet e pulave.

#2 ne: 19-01-2005, 17:55:20
Pse nuk qe  Mbreteri Shqiperia mos u merzit se per nje koh te afert do behet dhe mbreteri, po deshe debate bejm ke linket e meposhtem se ketu slejohet shqip.

http://www.zeriyt.com/index.php?option=com_smf&Itemid=108&topic=6537.0

http://www.zeriyt.com/index.php?option=com_smf&Itemid=108&topic=6625.0

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#3 ne: 21-01-2005, 21:00:49
I hope somewhow Leka will be allowed to contibute  to the Albanian cause.   I am convinced he will give so much to our country and help change it from the confusion and distraction that has fallen in to it from the dust  that the comunism bomb has left behind!    He will because Albania was a huge motive in his life ...    He was educated right, brought up with the right ideas and love for Albania and that's the reason he returned in there after living a great life in South Africa where he was residing before!!
I hope and i pray for that country as much as i do for my self.... that's because a good part of my life is left there with it!
 :pafshim

#4 ne: 25-02-2005, 14:44:07
MY SON COULDN'T GET TE BECOME KING OF ALBANIA, BECUASE HE WASN'T AS SMART AS I WAS.
SO FAR, I'M THE ONLY KING OF ALBANIA. WHEN ALBANIA WAS MINE, MY CITIZENS COULD GO ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD WITH THEIR ALBANIAN PASSPORT. AND NOW TODAY IF YOU GO TO ANOTHER COUNTRY AND YOU SHOW YOUR ALBANIAN PASSPORT, THAT COUNTRY WILL ARREST YOU RIGHT OF WAY. 

#5 ne: 25-02-2005, 18:02:47
AHMET ZOGU

The only modern Albanian King
(1895-1961)





AHMET ZOGU

Ahmet Bey ZOGU (born 1895, Castle Burgajet, Albania; died April 9, 1961, Suresnes, France), was president of Albania from 1925 to 1928 and king from 1928 to 1939.

Son of a midland chieftain, he was an opportunist politician and admirer of Mussolini who, with Serbian help, overthrew the government of Fan Noli in 1924. Having been occupied by Serbia, Greece and Italy during the First World War, and had large chunks of its territory gobbled up, Albania emerged very fragile and torn from the Paris Peace Conference. In fact it was a miracle that it survived at all, even in the truncated form that it remains to this day. Between 1921 and 1924 there were several governments in Tirana, and Zogu's armed coup established stability in the young and divided nation. It followed the defeat of the Harvard-educated reformist Fan Noli who was ousted by powerful landowners who did not want to give up their fiefdoms.

Having supported Austria during World War I, Zog thereafter became a leader of the quasi-reformist Popular Party. In the various governments which formed after the first democratic elections in 1921 he held ministerial posts (including Minister of the Interior) from 1920 until he was forced into exile in June 1924 - but he returned with Yugoslav assistance in December, and was elected president on February 1, 1925 by a tame Constituent Assembly. He got rid of his political opponents, and with British help managed to establish a police force so that for the first time in decades a traveller could move around the country without fear of brigandage.

Rightly apprehensive about Yugoslavia's intentions, he began a fateful association with Italy in 1925. A loan in that year was followed in 1926 by a treaty of friendship and security and in 1927 by a 20-year defensive military alliance between the two countries. On September 1, 1928, he had himself declared King. Mussolini made Albania his bridgehead to the Balkans, and by 1939 Italy controlled the country's finances and army. Zog tried but failed to break that hold from 1932 onward. On April 7, 1939, Mussolini's armies - having committed terrible atrocities in Ethiopia and Libya - marched into Albania which was declared a protectorate. Victor Emmanuel III became king, and Zog went into exile.

At the beginning of the Second World War Italian troops poured through Albania into Greece, but were beaten back. Greek forces then occupied Southern Albania which they regarded as part of Greater Hellas along with Yugoslav Macedonia. The story of Italy's ineffectual campaign in war-torn Greece is the background of Louis de BerniÚres' celebrated novel, Captain Corelli's Mandolin. Germany then swept through Yugoslavia and gave the province of Kosova and part of Western Macedonia to the Italian Protectorate of Albania. After Italy was knocked out of the war in 1943, the Germans restored the Zogist constitution, but with a puppet Council of Regency instead of the exiled monarch.

After the Soviet Union entered the war, the Communist Party of Yugoslavia encouraged the formation of a party in Albania. Just as the Yugoslavs found a natural leader in the brilliant Partisan Tito, so the tiny Albanian Communist Party increased its following under the brilliant guerrilla leadership of Enver Hoxha.

Any hopes that Zog had of returning after the war were disappointed by the rapid establishment of a communist republic under the successful Partisan leader Hoxha in 1945. Zog formally abdicated on January 2, 1946, leaving Albania in the hands of a much more terrible monarch, who successfully resisted the attempt by his erstwhile Partisan ally, Tito, to annexe Albania after reclaiming Kosova.
« Editimi i fundit: 25-02-2005, 18:08:13 nga UNITED ALBANIA »

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#6 ne: 27-02-2005, 11:01:14
HE IS NOT THE KING OF ALBANIA AND NEVER WILL BE... ;)

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#7 ne: 27-02-2005, 11:10:34
 :D ishalla po i fito ai kët rradh zgjedhjet <)>

 se kto hajdutat e tjer e kan fry zorrën >< ><

#8 ne: 27-02-2005, 11:22:42
HE IS NOT THE KING OF ALBANIA AND NEVER WILL BE... ;)

WTF is this suppose to mean ? I was king fo ALBANIA once mo-fo. When I had Albania, your grand grand daddy could travel anywhere with his albanian passport. Why don' t YOU try now and travel with you albanian passport ? You know why you can't ?
Because you will get arrested if you show your albanian passport.
This is how much we albanians mean to the world.

FREEDOM AIN'T CHEAP MO-FO.

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#9 ne: 27-02-2005, 12:28:02
HOW WILL A KING HELP ALBANIA WHEN he DOESN'T SPEAK THE ALBANIAN LANGUAGE,, (IS THIS WHY WE ARE WRITING ENGLISH SO THAT U CAN UNDERSTAND)? WELL he COULD SELL (ALB) AGAIN LIKE HIS FATHER DID TO THE ITALIANS AND RUN AWAY LIKE A COWARD AND LEFT OUR GRAND DADAS SUFFERING.

AND 2 REMAIND U THAT I HAVE ONLY 1 KING AND THATS MY DAD. ;)

#10 ne: 27-02-2005, 13:08:24
HOW WILL A KING HELP ALBANIA WHEN he DOESN'T SPEAK THE ALBANIAN LANGUAGE,, (IS THIS WHY WE ARE WRITING ENGLISH SO THAT U CAN UNDERSTAND)?

This is the rubric, pal. It says on top "FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGES", GEE, YOU'RE ALSO A MODERATOR. WHAT KIND OF TEST DID YOU HAVE TO PASS TO GET THIS JOB ? THAT'S ALL I WANNA KNOW. Prandaj nuk fola shqip ne kete teme. Ahmet Zogu gjendet edhe ne nje teme tjeter ku flitet vetem shqip, dhe aty kam debatuar vetem ne gjuhen shqipe.
By the way, I can speak albanian, and english way better than you, and your other friends here in the forum.

AND PLEASE STOP EDITING MY MESSAGES, JUST BECAUSE YOU PEOPLE DON'T LIKE THE TRUTH. I THOUGHT THIS FORUM IS ALL ABOUT FREEDOM OF SPEECH, BUT I GUESS I WAS WRONG.
WHATEVER........... .

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#11 ne: 27-02-2005, 13:23:06
Asnje nuk ti editon mesazhet tuaja neqofse nuk del jasht teme dhe ofendon njeri..ky eshte nje forum i lire ku mund te thuash fjalen tende hapur..


pastaj un nuk e pata per tyyyy por per kingun tend qe sdin te flas shqip.. ;)



pershendetje..

« Editimi i fundit: 27-02-2005, 14:01:00 nga stalion »

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#12 ne: 27-02-2005, 13:33:10
United Albania man, you are not that united after all... sorry, but I do not see it coming :???

Secondly, you watch out the way you direct yourself to people and also, the offences you keep making one after the other… like you know EVERYBODY in here?!
No one said or mentioned that we don't like to hear the truth, but presenting the truth with some proper arguments and defending them as they should is a different matter in comparison of just being stubborn or pedantic about the different views or opinions you have in relation with the others about a topic. So please, just be PATIENT and take things easy, as you should!
Don't go around trying to patronise people… and for the love of God, have some ATTITUDE! DO NOT SWEAR!


p.s., Just so you know, the so called 'freedom of speech'goes up to the level where you do NOT INSULT, MISJUDGE and INTRUDE yourself into the interests or the life of the other person! Alright? :occ

PEACE :pafshim

#13 ne: 02-03-2005, 21:09:49
Forcat Ushtarake ne kohen e Ahmet Zogut.

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#14 ne: 06-06-2005, 09:08:51
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The modern state of Albania has twice been a monarchy. The first time was after it was declared independent in 1912. Under the independence settlement imposed by the Great Powers, the country was styled a principality, and its ruler, William of Wied, was given the title of sovereign prince. However, these styles were only used outside the country. In Albanian, William was referred to by the title mbret, or king. This was because many local nobles already had the title of prince (princ, prinq, or prenk in various Albanian dialects), and because domestically the Albanian sovereign could not be seen as holding a title inferior to that of the King of Montenegro.

William was forced into exile by internal disorder just after the outbreak of World War I, and Albania was to be occupied by various foreign powers for most the war. In the confusing aftermath of the war, some of the several different regimes competing for power officially styled themselves as regencies for William. Albania's first monarchy ended definitively when the restored central government declared the country a republic in 1924.

Four years later, on September 1, 1928, the dictator Ahmed Bey Zogu proclaimed himself King of the Albanians (Mbret i Shqiptarëve in Albanian) as Zog I. Zog sought to establish a constitutional monarchy. Under the royal constitution, the Albanian King, like the King of the Belgians, had to swear an oath before parliament before entering into his royal powers. The text of the oath was as follows:

I, name, King of the Albanians, on ascending the Throne of the Albanian Kingdom and assuming the Royal powers, swear in the presence of God Almighty that I will maintain national unity, the independence of the state, and its territorial integrity, and I will maintain and conform to the statute and laws in force, having the good of the people always in mind. So help me God!
Zog's Kingdom came to be tied more and more closely to Mussolini's Italy, until the latter occupied it on April 7, 1939. Zog fled the country, and five days later, the Albanian parliament proclaimed Victor Emmanuel III of Italy as the new king. He took the title King of Albania (Mbret i Shqipërisë in Albanian), which title he formally retained until he abdicated in 1943. Zog I was then reinstated as king (though he never returned to Albania) until the communist People's Republic was established in 1946.

During and after World War II, some Albanians worked for the return of King Zog; however, they were not successful. Neither Zog nor Victor Emmanuel had their Albanian royal titles widely acknowledged by the international community.

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